Ingredients are all components in a product and have different purposes, for example to mix or dissolve other ingredients, to bind, to act as a preservative.
Water is a common ingredient in products and is used, among other uses, during production to dissolve/mix other ingredients.
Preservatives are used to prevent the product to spoil, for example by preventing that mold grows.
Then there are ingredients that cleanses, moisturize, rejuvenate and so on. These ingredients are active on the skin and therefore called active ingredients.
Here are some active ingredients we use in our products:
BHA stands for Beta Hydroxy Acid. It reduces blemishes and blackheads by going down deep and dissolve impurities in the pores and is used in both cosmetic- and facial products. Salicylic acid is a type of BHA and also has antibacterial properties. For exampe, CARL&SON uses BHA in Face Scrub and salicylic acid in Spot Fighter.
Glycerin occurs naturally in the skin’s fat cells. It absorbs water from the air and holds it to help rehydrate and balance the skin.
Bisabolol occurs naturally in plants, for example chamomile, and has a soothing effect on the skin. It is used a lot in products for sensitive skin.
Hyaluronic acid is used both for rejuvenation and rehydrating. You can read more about it here.